May 2

Muhammad Shah

Muhammad Shah

The successor of Mubarak Shah

Muhammad Shah

Mubarak Shah was an orphan when he passed away. As a result, the nobles installed Muhammad Shah, his brother Farid's son, on the throne. While it is true that Sarw ul-Mulk's involvement in the assassination of Mubarak Shah was widely known, no action could be taken against him because of his immense authority. Even though he was thought to have throne-grabbing intentions, it was decided to reaffirm his position. He was given the name Khas Jahan. His conspirators received rewards as well. To intimidate his competitors, Sarwar-ul-Mulk murdered one high-ranking commander and imprisoned others. He seized every empty fief in the realm and divided it among his minions.

Sindharan, Siddu Pal, and their family who were directly involved in the late king's assassination were given the districts of Bayana, Amroha, Narnaul Guhram, and portions of the Doab. Sarwar-ul-Mulk put up an army to defeat the nobility who still controlled their fiefs as they prepared to depose him. The rebels besieged Sarwar-ul-Mulk for a three-month in Siri after defeating his army in a fight outside of Delhi. During the siege, Sarwar-ul-Mulk learned the monarch supported the besiegers and made an effort to assassinate him. Sarwar-ul-Mulk was killed by Muhammad Shah's armed attendants because he was alert and on guard. They also murdered Miran Sadr's sons. Besides himself and his family, Sidhu Pal. Sidharan and the remaining Khatris were killed after being arrested alive. After Sarwar-ul-Mulk was deposed, Kamal-ul-Mulk was appointed minister and given the title of Kamal Khan. The other rebels received commensurate rewards as well.

Muhammad Shah was once a target of divisions and the game of circumstances before the collapse of Sarwar-ul-Mulk. However, when he was given the chance to demonstrate his suitability for the position of ruler, he exploited it to the point where he lost the trust and admiration of the people who had rescued him from his opponents. Despite receiving reports of uprisings in many regions of the nation, Muhammad Shah chose to stay in his capital city and indulge in leisure and indolence rather than confront the rebels. It was at this time that Bahlol Lodi, the governor of Sarhind, first came to people's attention for his leadership abilities. He started withholding the money owed to the royal treasury and gradually expanded his control to encompass the entirety of Punjab. Beyond Panipat, Muhammad Shah's power was limited. Within just a few kilometers of the city walls, the Mewat tribesmen also pillaged the countryside. Mahmud Shah Khalji of Malwa advanced on Delhi in 1440–1441 and begged Bahlol Lodi for assistance. The murder of Hisam Khan, the governor of Delhi, whom Bahlol Lodi recognized as either a threatening opponent or a strong defender of hereditary privilege, was what Bahlol Lodi requested as payment for assistance.

When the prerequisite was met, Bahlol Lodi dispatched his troops to assist Muhammad Shah. In the area between Tughlakabad and Delhi, the two armies clashed. The conflict started around midday and continued until dusk when each force withdrew to its respective camp without achieving a clear victory. Peace talks got underway, and they were successful. Bahlol Lodi assaulted the Mahmud Shah army's rear guard while it was fleeing and took some loot. Bahlol's little success was amplified into a victory against the Malwa army, and Muhammad Shah praised him by adopting him as his son and bestowing the title of Khan Khanan on him. Muhammad Shah granted Bahlol Lodi Dipalpur and Lahore after the latter pledged his devotion. When Bahlol saw that Jasrath Khokhar's chief was not hostile to his plans for the Delhi throne, he opted not to fight him and instead made peace with him.

Many members of Bahlol's clan from Afghanistan joined the army. He manufactured a dispute with Muhammad Shah over unimportant matters, marched to Delhi, and besieged it. He attempted to take it but was unsuccessful, so he returned to his territories and assumed the name Sultan Bahlol.


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